Monument Construction

Monument Construction Procedures and Standards

Monuments & Headstones

Temporary Structures/Memorials

All temporary structures are strictly prohibited, any unauthorize structure, including: temporary fences, a box surrounding a grave site, matting, seats, etc. will be removed at the Trusts discretion.  The Trust has a legal obligation to ensure the safety of visitors, contractors and staff, these temporary structures do not adhere to OH&S standards and can be dangerous and cause harm.  These structures become the responsibility of families who place them, if an incident was to occur you may be held liable.

Initial Steps

When you are ready to make establish a headstone or monument on the grave site,  the holder of the Right of Interment  (under the Cemeteries & Crematoria Act 2003 only the holder of the Right of Interment can make any decisions over the grave site), will need to engage a stonemason to design, construct and install your headstone or monument. The stonemason will be one of your choice, therefore take time to choose the correct one and we recommend getting a few quotes. The stonemason you choose must be registered with one of the Class A cemeteries, for example GMCT or SMCT, as their certification process will ensure they are using safe work practices and comply will regulations.

Your chosen stonemason will complete an ‘Application to establish or alter a monument or place of interment’ which you as the holder of the Right will need to sign authorizing the headstone or monument. Your stonemason will from then on work with us on your behalf and make sure the design meets the regulations for the burial area, and to obtain a permit to install the headstone or monument. All headstones and monuments must meet the relevant Australian Standards and comply with relevant building codes. Cemetery fees associated with issuing permits are payable via your stonemason.

The person who holds the Right of Interment (owns) for the grave is directly responsible for maintaining the headstone or monument and making sure it is safe. If the headstone or monument is damaged, it may be covered by the Victorian Managed Insurance Authority (VMIA) under their cemetery trusts program.


Plaques are ordered through our office.

Monuments – During Construction

During the course of construction, a monument should be inspected by a representative of the Trust who, if considered necessary, could be a consulting engineer or other appropriately qualified person. A full monument constructed on concrete pier-and-beam foundations should be inspected a number of times to ensure construction is proceeding in accordance with the permit and the Australian Standard – for example:

  • after excavation for foundations and placement of steel reinforcement, but before concrete for foundations is poured
  • during construction to ensure all dowels are correctly positioned
  • on completion, but while the masons are still at the site, to ensure the finished monument is of a standard acceptable to the trust and that the site is left tidy.

The purpose of this supervision is so that the construction of the monument adheres with the Cemetery Trust’s conditions, and is not to ensure the monument is constructed properly in accordance with any other industry standards. A Cemetery Trust should not assume any liability for the construction of a monument by a third party.


Random and final inspections will be carried out. Any work not up to standard (Australian Standard AS4204-1994) or submitted specification must be dismantled and corrected by the Mason.

Failure to follow directions of the Trust the monument will be demolished by the Trust at the Mason’s expense.

Failure to comply with the above will lead to the non-acceptance by the Trust of future work proposed by the Mason.



The specifications below (with the exception of #6 above) are minimum requirements only.  The Mason has the responsibility to design the monument, and its piers and footings, to an approved specification, if the monument size and/or its stone components and/or the ground conditions on site require it.

No responsibility for monument failure – either components or construction techniques

– is accepted by the Trust.




Take note of the Mason’s and your responsibility to accept financial responsibility for the proper construction of your monument and its future maintenance.


Yan Yean Cemetery Trust



Monument must not exceed grave dimensions, nor intrude onto a pathway or adjacent grave.


Measure on site.


Pier holes (150mm [6”] in diameter) in each corner must exceed the depth of the first interment by at least 300mm (12”).


Measure on site before concrete is poured.


Piers must have a central Y12 bar (reinforcing) in each hole.


Observe on site.


Foundations must be dug:

➢      300mm (12”) wide at Headstone and Footstone ends.

➢      225mm (9”) wide on both sides.

➢      All foundations must be 300mm deep.

➢     Foundations must include 4 steel bars all around with at least 150mm concrete below the steel.



Inspect pier and foundation depth and presence of steel reinforcing.


Stone components must be cramped/dowelled using at least 10mm steel.


Headstone Heights (inclusive of crosses, statues, etc.):

➢      Maximum of 1000mm above concrete beam in headstone lawn.

➢     Maximum of 2000mm above ground level on a full monument – notwithstanding the size of the monument kerbs and ledger.